Facts: Annually, prostate cancer accounts for approximately 30,000 deaths while another 250,000 men are newly diagnosed. Not counting some forms of skin cancer, prostate cancer in the United States is:
- The most common cancer in men no matter your race or ethnicity;
- The second most common cause of death from cancer among white, African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic men;
- More common in African-American men compared to white men; and
- More common in Hispanic men than in non-Hispanic men;
Risk factors that increase chances of getting prostate cancer include:
- Age: The older a man is, the greater his risk for getting prostate cancer;
- Family History: Certain inherited genes may affect your cancer risk. A man with a father, brother, or son who has had prostate cancer is two to three times more likely to develop the disease himself; and
- Race: Medical experts do not yet know why, but prostate cancer is more common in some racial and ethnic groups than in others.
Different men have different symptoms for prostate cancer. Some men do not have symptoms at all. Some possible symptoms include:
- Difficulty in starting urination;
- Weak or interrupted flow of urine;
- Difficulty in emptying the bladder completely;
- Pain or burning during urination;
- Blood in the urine or semen;
- Frequent urination, especially at night;
- Painful ejaculation; and
- Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn't go away.
These symptoms may be caused by conditions other than prostate cancer. However, if you have any symptoms that worry you, it is advised that you seek the advice of a physician right away.
Prevention & Screenings:
There is no known way to prevent prostate cancer, but researchers are trying to find ways. Some of the current studies include vitamins and herbal supplements, foods high in animal fat, physical activity, hormone levels, and environmental agents.
There are tests that can find prostate cancer early. Prostate cancer screenings that are commonly used are digital rectal exams from your physician or prostate specific antigen (PSA) tests. The CDC supports informed decision-making, which means men talk with their doctors to learn the nature and risks of prostate cancer, understand the benefit and risks of the screening tests, and decide whether prostate cancer screening is right for them. For more information, visit CDC's website on Prostate Cancer Screenings.